It is often surprising to our museum visitors that there were so many Canadian companies that made many clocks for the Canadian market, as early as the 1870s and as recently as the 1970s.
Below is a list of the main producers, three of which (Walter, Girotti and Fleet) were "discovered" by our own research in just the past decade. There may well be other companies as yet unknown. We welcome pictures and information from our online visitors.
There is an excellent (out of print) book about the first three and another about Pequegnat clocks.
For the rest, the estimated dates come either from company listings in old business directories or from meetings with descendents of company founders.
Production records are not known, but the numbers probably range from a hundred to hundreds of thousands of clocks, often with dozens of models.
- Twiss brothers (Joseph, Russell, Ira; Montreal, Lower Canada 1820s)
- Canada Clock Company (Whitby, Ontario 1872 - 1876)
- Hamilton Clock Company (Hamilton, Ontario 1876 - 1880)
- Canada Clock Company (Hamilton, Ontario 1880 - 1884)
- Edward P. Baird & Co. (Montreal ca. 1887 - 1890)
- The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Company (Berlin/1916/Kitchener, Ontario 1904 - 1941)
- The Western Clock Company / WESTCLOX (Peterborough, Ontario 1920 - mid 1980s)
- The Hammond Company of Canada Ltd (Toronto ca. 1931 - 1936)
- Walter Clocks (Toronto late 1930s - mid 1950s)
- Fleet Time Co. Ltd (Montreal 1936 - 1940)
- Snider Clock Corporation / Snider Clock Mfg Company Ltd (Toronto 1950 - 1976)
- Breslin Industries (Toronto, 1950s clocks)
- Girotti Sculptured Art (St. Cathrines, Ontario early 1960s - 1979)
- Ingraham Canadian Clock Co. Ltd (Toronto, ca. late 1940s - 1980s
- Seth Thomas Clocks (Westclox factory, Peterborough, Ontario ca. 1931 - 1980s)
- Canadian General Electric Co. Ltd (Toronto ca. 1930 - 1959)
- New Haven Clock Company (early 1900s imports with Toronto label; Brantford, Ontario factory ca. 1930s - 1950s)
- Canadian Neon-Ray Clock Company (Montreal ca. 1942 - mid 1960s)
- many companies, mostly in Toronto, that made advertising clocks 1950s - 1970s
- many companies, mostly in Toronto, that made glass-tube clock radios in the 1950s
|Mid 1800s Weight Clocks|
There were many individual sellers of weight-driven clocks in British North America in the decades before Canadian federation in 1867. Some lived in the old provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. Some lived in the 1830s in Upper Canada (U.C., now part of southern Ontario) and...|
|The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Company|
Arthur Pequegnat came from Switzerland to Berlin, Ontario ca. 1874 with his many brothers, sisters, and parents. In the 1880s he was importing watches for sale locally in western Ontario. Around 1897 Arthur built a factory in Berlin to manufacture ... bicycles! When that...|
The Western Clock Company in LaSalle, Illinois shipped their alarm clocks north to Canada for many years early in the twentieth century. In 1920, Peterborough, Ontario was chosen as the site for a Canadian factory. Following two successful years in rented space, the company...|
|Canadian Neon-Ray Clock Company|
Based on our research to date, mainly through reading the old business directories at the National Library in Ottawa, this business was in operation from ca. 1942 to the mid 1960s at 371 Dowd Street in Montreal. The first President was Walter Pam. There probably is a connection...|
|Blackforest Clock Company and Forestville Clock Company|
The Blackforest Clock Company of Toronto, Ontario was founded by Leopold and Sara Stossel in 1928. Both clock movements and complete clocks were imported from Germany and sold through department and jewelry stores across Canada. Their son Ed Stossel started working part time with...|
|Walter Clocks (Toronto)|
|WALTER CLOCKS was a mid 20th century Canadian company located in Toronto in the 1930s - 1950s. The main product was mantel clocks - all of the cases were made in Toronto. The prewar / postwar paper label is always found pasted inside the back door and usually has the CLOCK STYLE NO....|
|Girotti Sculptured Art Clocks (St. Catharines)|
|From the early 1960s to the late 1970s, members of the Girotti family in St. Catharines, Ontario made many styles of molded chalkware statues, pedestals, 3D wall plaques, picture and mirror frames, and 3D chalkware wood wall plaques. They had sales agents across Canada by 1971.
|Breslin Industries (Toronto)|
|My early research indicated that Edward Breslin had started this Toronto-based company by the mid 1940s. Now, from the Dundurn Press web site (January 2015): “J. Edward Breslin [was] a Toronto-born business executive and a graduate of the University of Toronto in Commerce and Finance....|
|Canadian Animated Alarm Clocks|
|Both Westclox Canada in Peterborough, Ontario and Ingraham Canadian in Toronto made several models of windup (spring driven) animated alarm clocks in the mid 20th century for the Canadian market. The Westclox PIXIE model dates to the 1930s. The other two are a decade later: 1940s/50s...|
|The Pequegnat Clock Company of Canada|
NOTE: this section is not about The Arthur Pequegnat Clock Company that was in business a long time ago in Berlin / Kitchener, Ontario from 1904 to about 1941. See our separate section and gallery for details and pictures for Arthur's company.
The Pequegnat Clock Company of Canada...|
|The Hammond Company of Canada Ltd (Toronto)|
|The parent Hammond clock company was based in Chicago in the early 1930s. The Hammond Company of Canada Ltd was in business in Toronto for just a few years, from about 1931 to 1936 (from old city business directories).
The electric clocks made in Canada have metal Canadian labels -...|
|Fleet Time Company Ltd (Montreal)|
|Based on our research in old business directories, Fleet Time Company Ltd was in business in Montreal for just the years 1936 to 1940 before WWII apparently cut off the supply of German clocks and clock movements.
The wood cases were made in Canada for some models.
Our museum currently (early...|